Source | LinkedIn : By Aiyshah Gwilliam
Futurists and Historians are saying that we are heading for our fourth industrial revolution. These revolutions are getting faster and faster with this current one just on our door step.
There are many different ways of looking at these revolutions, e.g. politically, agriculturally, economically, socially and so on. However in this piece I want to simplify greatly every stage so as to focus on the basic shifts in what each of the revolutions have done for human life as a whole and to our society in relation to freedom over time.
Firstly, history holds an infinite amount of information, but these four revolutions are considered the most documented of modern historical times only. So, let’s take a look:
First Industrial Revolution:
Took place in the 17th Century – sovereign states diminished and nation states were born. In other words, countries governed by governments rather than Royal families became paramount, and proved to be highly successful revolutionary principles. So, emerged other revolutions where by the people took over the ruling families, and a new kind of freedom was born and economies boomed. This was a successful revolution.
Second Industrial Revolution:
Took place in the second half of the 19th Century and focused on mass production and efficiency, and freedom of the human from the animal. No longer did economies have to rely on animals to do the dirty and inefficient work, they could put masses of people to work and create large quantities of highly efficiently made products and services for much cheaper prices, so everyone could benefit. This was a successful revolution for quite some time.
Third industrial Revolution:
Part 1: Took place in the mid-20th century with the introduction of the modern welfare state. This came about as mass productions and efficiencies were instead of making workers lives better and more abundant, were in fact making their work life redundant rendering them poor and out of work. The welfare principle was set up to make sure everyone had a helping hand between jobs…problem was there were no more jobs being created. As a result, this revolution, though making sure that every person could have access to quality education, healthcare and welfare, showed that looking after people financially was not always the right answer to solve the problem.
Part 2: Took place in the late 20th Century and involved new industries emerging through digitalisation. This didn’t resolve the ‘welfare state’ issue, but did bring about new qualities of life for not just the rich but every person on the planet. Modern globalisation which started in the mid-20th century allowed for connectivity first throughout the world, then connectivity through digitalisation. This allowed freedom of access to information for all through computerisation and internet coverage to all.